23 Sep 2011 Below is an essay on "Daily Life In Concentration Camp" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
The United Nations Holocaust Outreach Programme has produced a 32-page study guide for students aged 13 and up that serves as a companion to the new animated documentary film entitled, “The Last Flight of Petr Ginz”, on the life and artwork of Petr Ginz, a Jewish boy from Prague who perished in the Holocaust at the age of 16. The publication features Petr’s art and writings, and provides historical context for the film and information about the United Nations, human rights and Holocaust remembrance activities.
Remembering Auschwitz Years After Liberation The Atlantic essay on concentration www gxart orgnight was written by elie wiesel to expose his experiences at
Even in 2003 the centre-right Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi could afford a statement without any consequences that during the time of Fascism, there were no concentration camps, but just compulsory vacation for the opposers of the regime.
Kraft, Sara Lee, Procter & Gamble & Nestlé buy between themselves half the world crop], Another program sent many southerners to reeducation camps, which were essentially concentration camps for political prisoners.
The systematic extermination of Jews, however, took place largely outside the concentration camps. The death camps, in which more than one and a half million Jews were gassed—at Belzec, Sobibór, and Treblinka—were never officially part of the K.L. system. They had almost no inmates, since the Jews sent there seldom lived longer than a few hours. By contrast, Auschwitz, whose name has become practically a synonym for the Holocaust, was an official K.L., set up in June, 1940, to house Polish prisoners. The first people to be gassed there, in September, 1941, were invalids and Soviet prisoners of war. It became the central site for the deportation and murder of European Jews in 1943, after other camps closed. The vast majority of Jews brought to Auschwitz never experienced the camp as prisoners; more than eight hundred thousand of them were gassed upon arrival, in the vast extension of the original camp known as Birkenau. Only those picked as capable of slave labor lived long enough to see Auschwitz from the inside.
In the west, camps were discovered and liberated by the western Allies as well, including the Bergen-Belsen camp on 15 Apr 1945. Dwight Eisenhower toured the remnants of a concentration camp near the town of Gotha in Apr 1945 and recorded his experience that was indescribable with words: "I have never felt able to describe my emotional reactions when I first came face to face with indisputable evidence of Nazi brutality and ruthless disregard of every shred of decency.... I have never at any other time experienced an equal sense of shock." On 29 Apr, members of the American 101st Airborne Division discovered a labor camp that was part of the Dachau complex, the first concentration camp established, near Landsberg at the foothills of the Alps. "The memory of the starved, dazed men," remembered Richard Winters of Company E of the 506th Regiment, "who dropped their eyes and heads when we looked at them through the chain-link fence, in the same manner that a beaten, mistreated dog would cringe, leave feelings that cannot be described and will never be forgotten."
At the bottom of the K.L. hierarchy, even below the criminals, were the Jews. Today, the words “concentration camp” immediately summon up the idea of the Holocaust, the genocide of European Jews by the Nazis; and we tend to think of the camps as the primary sites of that genocide. In fact, as Wachsmann writes, as late as 1942 “Jews made up fewer than five thousand of the eighty thousand KL inmates.” There had been a temporary spike in the Jewish inmate population in November, 1938, after Kristallnacht, when the Nazis rounded up tens of thousands of Jewish men. But, for most of the camps’ first decade, Jewish prisoners had usually been sent there not for their religion, per se, but for specific offenses, such as political dissent or illicit sexual relations with an Aryan. Once there, however, they found themselves subject to special torments, ranging from running a gantlet of truncheons to heavy labor, like rock-breaking. As the chief enemies in the Nazi imagination, Jews were also the natural targets for spontaneous S.S. violence—blows, kicks, attacks by savage dogs.
Many of the horrors associated with Auschwitz—gas chambers, medical experiments, working prisoners to death—had been pioneered in earlier concentration camps. In the late thirties, driven largely by Himmler’s ambition to make the S.S. an independent economic and military power within the state, the K.L. began a transformation from a site of punishment to a site of production. The two missions were connected: the “work-shy” and other unproductive elements were seen as “useless mouths,” and forced labor was a way of making them contribute to the community. Oswald Pohl, the S.S. bureaucrat in charge of economic affairs, had gained control of the camps by 1938, and began a series of grandiose building projects. The most ambitious was the construction of a brick factory near Sachsenhausen, which was intended to produce a hundred and fifty million bricks a year, using cutting-edge equipment and camp labor.
On 31 Aug 1944, the SS began evacuating the Natzweiler-Struthof camp, herding its prisoners on a death march that resulted in 2,000 deaths en route to the Dachau camps. In the following months, as the concentration camps were evacuated by their commandants, the prisoners were engaged in brutal death marches against the increasingly cold terrain. The prisoners were often forced to march miles without adequate clothing or travel long distances in open rail cars for days.
The Nazi Party had used relocation as an effective weapon against their political enemies as early as 1933, but it was some time between 1937 and 1938 that members of the Nazi Party started to deport Jews into concentration camps and ghettos. One of the first concentration camps built was at Buchenwald, while the ghettos in Poland were widely known. At first, Jews who held jobs that were regarded as critical to the war effort were allowed to stay. However that soon changed about fall 1941, when agents started to order Jewish families out of their apartments into trucks that headed for the east; most of them headed for the concentration camps and ghettos in Poland, Byelorussia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Russia. Margot Rosenthal of Berlin was able to hide from the agents until 5 Dec 1941 before she was found and forced to relocate to a ghetto in Bavaria. "Send us something to eat, we are starving," she wrote her friend Ruth Andreas-Friedrich in Berlin. "Don't forget me. I cry every day." On 20 Jan 1942, the Nazi German government signed into an official policy the complete elimination of European Jews at a conference in a villa at Wannsee, with the responsibility given to Reinhard Heydrich. The policy was dubbed the "final solution of the Jewish problem". In the same month, the concentration camp at Chelmno began its operations which solely dedicated to the systematic extermination of its prisoners with the experience the Nazi party had already accumulated by experimenting methods of execution with 50,000 mentally deficient or terminally ill Germans. "We shall regain our health only by eliminating the Jews", said German leader Adolf Hitler on 22 Feb 1942 to a group of close associates. "The Jews must vanish from the face of the Earth", later proclaimed the Nazi governor of occupied Poland Hans Frank. The work the Jews left behind, they reasoned, would be filled by imported workers from the conquered nations. It was in camps like Chelmno that between eight to eleven million Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, prisoners of war, Roma, Sinti, the disabled, homosexuals, political dissidents, and Communists were murdered. Approximately half of those perished were Jews, and half of them were Polish Jews. The instrument of death used by the Nazi ranged from machine guns in the early phases to carbon monoxide and Zyklon B gasses later in mass murder chambers.