In "Young Goodman Brown" Nathaniel Hawthorne uses symbolism and characterization to imply that when individuals lose their faith in the goodness of mankind, they may begin to imagine that their peers have yielded to temptation....
The clattered again, and the voices, talking sostrangely in the empty air, passed on through theforest, where no church had ever been gathered,nor solitary Christian prayed. Whither, then,could these holy men be journeying, so deep intothe heathen wilderness? Young Goodman Browncaught hold of a tree, for support, being readyto sink down on the ground, faint andoverburthened with the heavy sickness of hisheart. He looked up to the sky, doubting whetherthere really was a Heaven above him. Yet, therewas the blue arch, and the stars brightening init.
Be so, if you will. But, alas! it was a dream ofevil omen for young Goodman Brown. A stern, asad, a darkly meditative, a distrustful, if not adesperate man, did he become, from the night ofthat fearful dream. On the Sabbath-day, when thecongregation were singing a holy psalm, he couldnot listen, because an anthem of sin rushedloudly upon his ear, and drowned all the blessedstrain. When the minister spoke from the pulpit,with power and fervid eloquence, and with hishand on the open Bible, of the sacred truths ofour religion, and of saint-like lives andtriumphant deaths, and of future bliss or miseryunutterable, then did Goodman Brown turn pale,dreading lest the roof should thunder down uponthe gray blasphemer and his hearers. Often,awaking suddenly at midnight, he shrank from thebosom of Faith, and at morning or eventide, whenthe family knelt down at prayer, he scowled, andmuttered to himself, and gazed sternly at hiswife, and turned away. And when he had livedlong, and was borne to his grave, a hoary corpse,followed by Faith, an aged woman, and children andgrand-children, a goodly procession, besidesneighbors, not a few, they carved no hopeful verseupon his tombstone; for his dying hour wasgloom.
McKeithan also believes that the theme to Hawthorne’s; Young Goodman Brown, is based on the ability that evil has to persuade man to do wrong and the falseness of man’s virtues....
The morning, young Goodman Brown came slowly into thestreet of Salem village, staring around him likea bewildered man. The good old minister wastaking a walk along the graveyard, to get anappetite for breakfast and meditate his sermon,and bestowed a blessing, as he passed, on GoodmanBrown. He shrank from the venerable saint, asif to avoid an anathema. Old Deacon Gookin was atdomestic worship, and the holy words of his prayerwere heard through the open window. "WhatGod doth the wizard pray to?" quoth GoodmanBrown. Goody Cloyse, that excellent oldChristian, stood in the early sunshine, at her ownlattice, catechising a little girl, who hadbrought her a pint of morning's milk. GoodmanBrown snatched away the child, as from the graspof the fiend himself. Turning the corner by themeeting-house, he spied the head of Faith, withthe pink ribbons, gazing anxiously forth, andbursting into such joy at sight of him, that sheskipt along the street, and almost kissed herhusband before the whole village. But GoodmanBrown looked sternly and sadly into her face, andpassed on without a greeting.
Other members of the band are Joanna Eden (vocals) who apart from her own career was instrumental in developing that of the multi-award winning singer Sam Smith; Mark Crooks (saxophone, clarinet) who won the Young Jazz Player of the Year award in 1991 and has been playing constantly ever since in bands big and small; Rev. Andrew Brown (bass) who combines being a church Minister with being a professional jazz bass player and has accompanied many of the UK's leading players, and George Double (drums) who teaches at Trinity College, London, and has extensive credits for West End musical theatre productions as well as supporting prominent singing stars and jazz musicians.
Critics also debate interpretations of the main character's consciousness; is Brown awake or dreaming. What is certain is that he lives and dies in pain because his belief in his righteousness isolates him from his community. It is also certain that Hawthorne's interpretation of Brown's "mid-life crisis" has ambiguity and leaves a reader with many different feelings about what and why certain things have happened. Hawthorne's use of symbolism in his allegorical tale Young Goodman Brown causes th...
“Young Goodman Brown” was written in the year 1835 by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The story brightly depicts the Puritan society of the seventeenth century. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s style is ambiguous; he doesn’t transmit his message directly.
Having been voted a Rising Star in Downbeat Critics’ Poll for several consecutive years, Brian Landrus previously earned his Bachelor’s degree in saxophone performance at University of Nevada-Reno and two Master’s degrees at New England Conservatory, one in jazz composition and the other in jazz saxophone. He is currently working on a PhD in classical composition at Rutgers University and finishing a concerto for baritone sax and another for bass clarinet. Downbeat sums up his talents thus: “Landrus plays with gentle authority, his pliable, distinctive tone built on expressive devices like vibrato, multiphonics and pitch blends. He has a way of connecting notes with subtle slides and graceful glisses, embellishing melodies with turns and trills that build momentum and scream good taste.” Amen to that!
CD1 also includes compositions by current or recent band members – No Pau De Acucar by Owen Dawson stands out here with its gentle bossa nova beat and solos by James Copus on flugelhorn and Luft on guitar, playing in rock mode again but also in a softer Joao Gilberto style.
A final word to that cynic: the NYJO musicians may be young but some of them are experienced enough and good enough to have already embarked on professional careers as jazz musicians. As Sir John Dankworth once said of a previous incarnation of the NYJO, “forget the word youth, this is one of the best bands you will ever hear”.