For a filmmaker within the Hollywood system, Christopher Nolan is unusually pre-occupied with psychological human states to the degree that they often act as the primary theme of his films. ’s narrative structure is built around the short term memory limitations of its protagonist. explores the affects of extreme sleep deprivation as its lead character struggles to function in a state in which he is never fully awake or asleep, throwing into question his ability to interpret events accurately or remember them fully. Even Nolan’s Batman films are, at their core, concerned with creating a representation of the psychological state of someone who we can believe would turn himself into a vigilante and dress up as a bat. sits somewhat outside of this theme but also shares similarities with in its playing with the dichotomy between perception and reality.
The fact that Nolan’s film does not feel like a patchwork of the best sequences of other people’s films is a testament to his skill as a filmmaker and his approach to referencing which acts in the service of his film rather than being plagiaristic or gratuitous.
When using an image from a book or journal article, to provide enhancement within an essay or a PowerPoint presentation, an in text reference should be included within the essay text or on the slide, and a full reference included at the end of the piece of work.
Failing to reference appropriately could result in your assessors thinking you are guilty of plagiarism - the act of using somebody else's work or ideas as your own.
England's Whetstone named FEE's first "Blinking Lights" award recipient.. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 July 2014].
*URL means Uniform Resource Locator - an address identifying the location of a file on the Internet
If a URL is exceedingly long, or the result of a personal search on a website, you can give the website's home page address with the routing or web path, showing your reader how to get from the home page to the specific page you have referenced.
It is good practice to keep in your files a copy of the first page of any web pages you use.
Perhaps the other source of the film's sadness is reflected in a startling line delivered by Byun Hee-bong at the story's mid-point: "Have you ever smelled it?
One is drunken Korean men throwing up in subway stations past eleven o'clock (Why do Koreans call throwing up in public "oba-eet?" When I overeat, I don't throw up, I get fat): the other is, of course, clueless, pedestrian, or (if we are lucky) just plain dopey horror films.
Yet it's with a black sense of playfulness and absurdity that these satirical quips are delivered to the audience, suggesting that the film's chief concerns lie elsewhere.The monster itself is not a force of pre-meditated evil, bent on destroying civilization.
However, his real trouble begins when friend Min-ho (Namgung Min), an aspiring movie director, asks him to be a "consultant" for the latter's debut film, a gangster epic not unlike .Poet Yu Ha's highly anticipated follow-up to the critically and financially successful , 's Korean title references Martin Scorsese's , and there are similarities to the latter's and .
, like many Korean films loved by certain critics, is ultimately a rather formulaic film, overly concerned with the mechanics of plotting and symbolic representation: you can readily whip up an academic essay, based on this film, on the systematic perpetuation of violence in Korean society as driven by capitalist consumption (nicely "signified" by the professor's white Mercedes!) and oppressive social institutions (Police!
(When Brian De Palma first popularized this very-last-minute-shockeroo shtick in , he had good sense to keep it inside one character's nightmare) The explanation for why the ghost is haunting the non-existent floor also makes a whole lot more sense than usual, establishing a nice connection with the construction boom of '70s and '80s, during which numerous human rights abuses and instances of massive-scale "social engineering" took place, a record subsequently whitewashed by the celebrants of Korea's "miraculous" economic development (A telling reference to "Wow [Wa-woo]" Apartment shows where the film's political sympathies lie).
These can be accessed on the University website under the section for the Academic Office.
How do I print this guide?
You can open and print individual sections
We have also produced a (.pdf) which covers the basics of Harvard Referencing.
general background reading to familiarise yourself with the topic.
An annotated bibliography includes the full reference to sources with the addition of notes, which summarise and evaluate the source and will be of variable length, depending on the assessment this may be an independent project or part of a larger research project.
Is referencing included in the Word Count?
Check the section 6.69 for details of what is excluded from the word count of a submission.
The film's emotional kick emerges from its claustrophobic setting, and the young actresses are good enough to keep us interested in the story as it unfolds.