Similar to how reptiles found refuge in the oceans, the were originally terrestrial archosaurs and found their cooling niche in swampy margins and still do today, even though their cousins (, ) went extinct in the end-Triassic event. Crocodiles have four-chambered hearts like dinosaurs, which suggests that they may have been endotherms/mesotherms that re-evolved ectothermy to better adapt to swamp life. Only one survived the end-Triassic event for long, and in survival enclaves. It was a giant, at five meters long and 500 kilograms. Primitive amphibians could not abide the reign of crocodiles, and since the end-Triassic event, amphibians have been almost exclusively . The first salamanders and frogs may have first appeared , in the late Permian. Probably spurred by their size in an arms race with dinosaurs
The (c. 201 to 145 mya) and (c. 145 to 66 mya) periods spanned the Golden Age of Dinosaurs. The human fascination with dinosaurs is primarily due to their great size. They were Earth’s largest land animals ever, by far. Huge predators hunted even larger herbivores. Prosauropods, or , were and were the early Jurassic’s dominant herbivorous dinosaurs, but their four-legged descendants, , supplanted them by the mid-Jurassic and sauropods became Earth’s largest land animals ever. Some species may have weighed more than , which would have rivaled the , which is generally considered to be the largest animal that ever lived. The blue whale achieved weight primacy, but the sauropods’ vast dimensions are still awe-inspiring. Some were up to and could reach . Some of the largest sauropods ever lived in the late Jurassic, when they were most numerous, but huge sauropods . A prominent hypothesis is that their tremendous size was a strategy for digesting lower-quality food sources; they could digest food for a longer period as it wound its way through their digestive systems. Their size also discouraged predation and . But their highly efficient air sac breathing system may have been the main reason why they could get so large, particularly in the record-low oxygen Jurassic Period, at least according to .
In the late Jurassic, armored stegosaurs and first appeared and used an ornithischian defensive strategy that ceratopsians also developed in the early Cretaceous, which reached its peak with in the late Cretaceous. Today’s is the mammalian equivalent of , but today’s rhinos do not have to face anything as fearsome as , although the most successful predators in Earth’s history, humans, .
Another energy-related activity probably appeared on a large scale during the reign of dinosaurs: . Although territoriality , , , , and today, it is most common among birds and mammals. Territoriality is primarily about preserving an animal’s energy base from competition, and it is usually a behavior oriented toward others of the same species, which would eat the same food resources and mate with the same potential partners. Just as what scientists call , territorial behavior may go all the way back to the . But the social behaviors apparent in dinosaurs probably also meant territorial behavior, and probably on a scale never experienced before on Earth. Even the suspected display function of implies territorial behavior. All are territorial, and human political units such as are little more than ape territoriality writ large, as peoples protect their energy and mating bases. In light of the (with its apotheosis in the peacock, although, as usual, ), and the phenomenon perhaps goes , along with the discovery of dinosaurian mass nesting sites, herd behaviors, and the like, many scientists believe that .
About 183 mya, linked to and events hit ammonoids hard, as usual. The extinction seems to have been confined to the oceans. Along with the appearance of , reefs slowly recovered in the Jurassic, and by the Jurassic’s end, lined Tethyan shores. Low-oxygen tolerating marine animals proliferated in the Jurassic. Ammonoids, with , developed large, thin-shelled varieties that housed the large gills probably required to navigate the Jurassic’s low-oxygen waters. Also, a different kind of cephalopod, , became plentiful in the Jurassic. The first appeared in the Jurassic, and they also developed a superior respiration system; they put their gills within their armor and developed a pump gill. As most seashore visitors know, crabs are quite tolerant of exposure to air, much as nautiloids suffer no ill effects when exposed to air for a short time. Crabs proliferated with the late Jurassic’s reefs, to (called the Tithonian event, or end-Jurassic extinction), which was caused by a sudden drop in sea levels, and the extinction again appeared to be largely restricted to marine biomes. On land, there were extinctions of , , and .
The roots of these explorations can be seen as far back as 1959’s Some Like it Hot, but only in the 1990’s were directors able to use these sliding identities to their fullest extent.
By examining Billy Wilder’s, Neil Jordan’s and Kimberley Peirce’s use of external gender signs, gender roles, sex and sexuality in Some Like it Hot, The Crying Game and Boys Don’t Cry, respectively, we may see the progression of gender blending from comedic device towards accepted identity.
In Some Like it Hot, this cross-dressing has a purpose and is parodied throughout, while in The Crying Game and Boys Don’t Cry, the main characters’ transvestitism is realistic and treated with more sympathy.
As our society is inundated with film images, we are comfortable with the picture of Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon dressed as women for the film Some Like it Hot.
The Crying Game stumbles into stereotype and limits Dil’s sexual behaviour, and even the most progressive of the three, Boys Don’t Cry, shows Brandon dying a horrible death.
McAllen has another distinction, too: it is one of the most expensive health-care markets in the country. Only Miami—which has much higher labor and living costs—spends more per person on health care. In 2006, Medicare spent fifteen thousand dollars per enrollee here, almost twice the national average. The income per capita is twelve thousand dollars. In other words, Medicare spends three thousand dollars more per person here than the average person earns.
Even though is often a verb, it can also be a noun. The of the potato chips, for example, is a thing, a sound that we can hear. You therefore need to analyze the function that a word provides in a sentence before you determine what grammatical name to give that word.
In its original form, their poems lacked the characteristics commonly attributed to most romantic poets of the mid to late nineteenth century who tended to utilize “highly stylized verses, having formal structures, figurative language and adorned with symbols” (worksheet)....