Because short stories can elude the real life situations, time span, human beings traits, and entire life, they can show their audacity and daring in literature, but not necessary that of their writers....
immigrant population and working base grows
changes in industry become life-altering
machines built, manufacturing made easier
urban areas expand with both business and home life
cities become hubs of action
huge economic and social repercussions
larger gap between rich and poor
for the first time there is a large, literate,
need for a literature that reflects their lives
Literary Realism & The Awakening
Major Writers: Mark Twain,
William Dean Howells,
Rebecca Harding Davis,
Henry James, Kate Chopin
Kate Chopin &
born in 1850 as Kate O'Flaherty
daughter of an Irish immigrant father and a French mother
spent most of childhood attending Catholic boarding school in St.
only one of five children to live past 25
lost father early, so was raised by mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother
found fame rather quickly as local writer and women's interest author
published short stories and articles in
The Atlantic Monthly
1890 - finished first novel,
set in the Louisiana bayou
known for exploring life in Louisiana and challenging traditional concepts of gender roles through the eyes of her female protagonists
"Story of an Hour" - most famous short story
The Awakening (1899)
final work and most widely read novel
iconic work in Southern literary tradition and of feminist literature
illustrates the internal tension between the passionate woman, loving mother, and doting wife
highlights ways in which these identities cannot exist together in the traditional world
caused major controversy when published
stopped writing, died in 1904
Significantly, the aging and threatened animals in this famous tale donot even seek refuge with their own people and in their own community. Therural society symbolically reflected in this fable has no safety net forthose too old to further contribute. But there is always the hope greenergrass on the other side of the fence, the pot of gold at the end of therainbow, the pie in the sky. The dispossessed farm animals know what thecountry has to offer them: poverty and death. They, like multitudes oftheir real-life human counterparts, can hope that the city will be kinderto them. Bremen, residence of bishops, center of trade, and gateway to theworld surely can provide opportunity, even for old people whose onlyresources are naive faith and a willingness to sing for their supper.
Romanticism as a movement declined in the late 19th century and early 20th century with the growing dominance of Realism in the arts and the rapid advancement of science and technology.
...s examples of local color help to intensify the characters, setting, and conflict.
Chopin showed what a talented writer she was by her incorporation of Romanticism, Realism, and local color in her novel The Awakening. She combined these elements to add dimension to her writing and further develop her thoughts and ideas. Kate Chopin was not a typical writer nor was she a typical person. As shown in her book, The Awakening, she was audacious and wrote about what she truly felt rather than what was expected of her. Literary devices, such as romance, realistic events, and local color, do add a volume to novels, but without Chopin's skill in using these devices, this novel would not have been the eye-opening masterpiece it is today.
Like many novels of its time, The Awakening is an example of Romanticism. Romanticism can be defined as a literary or art movement of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century that emphasizes individualism, love of nature, celebration of common man, freedom, emotion, exotic worlds, fantasy, and a tendency to look to the past. The Awakening's main character, ...
People have been practising meditation, tai chi and yoga for years, and every person who reaches "enlightenment" will try to teach it based on the explanations they were given. Thus, by having a list of succession, each school can show they have inherited the biases and unscientific thinking of thousands of years ago. What is needed, is someone to attain their "enlightenment" or "awakening" by forging their own path while keeping within the bounds of scientific realism, and yet at the same time verifying their experiences by comparison with traditional writings. That someone is one of our founding members.
Writing promises to rescue moments from the march of time, but serious writing also lays bare, examines, dramatizes—and, in this sense, seems to prolong—that death journey.Early in “My Struggle” (which was published in Norwegian in 2009), Knausgaard introduces his immediate context: it is March, 2008, just after eight in the morning, and the Norwegian novelist sits at his desk in his Stockholm apartment, “listening to the Swedish band Dungen and thinking about what I have written.” This narrator (named Karl Ove Knausgaard and, apparently, indistinguishable from the real-life author) is in his late thirties, married with three children; he has just dropped two of them off at their nursery.
The day started off like any other at that time of the year, getting up really early in the morning, cursing the gods because high school had to start so early.